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Section 1

more about great history guide
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Section 2
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Section 3
badaling great wall of china



badaling great wall tour
   

Badaling Fortress
Now, we have arrived at the Badaling Fortress. This fortress was built in 1505, it was 7. 5 metres high, 4 metres thick. Badaling was actually a hub of communications in an-cient times. The Badaling Fortress is about 600 metres above sea level. East of the Fortress is a huge rock -seven metres long and two metres high. It is called Looking-Toward Beijing Rock. The name of the rock was from the Empress Dowager Ci 'xi, who passed here as she fled to the north when the Eight Allied Forces invaded Beijing in 1900. .From this big rock, she looked back and gave Beijng her last look. Hence the name. Standing on the rock, you may see the east side of the Fortress, on which four Chinese characters are written: the outer town of juyong, That is to say, this is indeed an important defensive area on the north side of Juyongguan Pass. When you entered the Fortress, you'll soon find on the west side of the Fortress another four Chinese charac-ters: the key to the north gate of Beijing. This simply means that strategically, this area is very important.

The Great Wall at Badaling
Bad aling means /I giving access to every direction" , the name itself suggests its strategic importance. Badaling Great Wall lies in Yanqing County, northwest of Beijing. It covers five counties and one district. namely: Miyun , Huairou , Ping-gu, Yanqing and Changping County and Mentougou Dis-trict. Badaling Great Wall was the best preserved part of the Ming Great Wall. Here, the wall averages 7.8 metres high, 6.5 metres wide of the base. and 5. 8 metres at the top. The wall was designed to allow five horsemen or ten soldiers to march side by side along the wall. The flights of stairs up to the outer wall are fairely widely spaced. The wall could almost be considered as a superhighway on the rough mountain terrain. On the highway, news, menor even food could travel rapidly. Suppose you were a solider :,00 years ago in the Ming Dynasty, when you found some enemies were about to invade your country. what should you do? Well, in the daytime, you should start a heavy smoke to tell the other soliders to get ready and your friends , when seeing your signal. would start another smoke in the distance. this signal would be relayed until fi-nally it reached the capital and the whole country would be ready for the war. But you may also ask, what if the ene-mies invade the country at night. as most invasion started then? Well, you should light up beconfires to communicate military information to the emperor at a very rapid speed. For every few hundred metres, you can see a watchtower. Also. the wall of this section was built of giant rocks and bricks of similar size. It was faced with stone. and the in-side was filled with earth and rubber, therefore. Badaling Great Wall was also regarded the strongest section of the experience the real splendor of the Great Wall. you should not only see the Great Wall and take pictures from down here, but also walk on it. There're two entrances where you can climb the Badaling Great Wall, most people. however, climb the Great Wall from the right entrance be-cause it is an easier way. It takes about an hour to climb to the top of the raised towers either way. From the top on the right looking northwest. you can see the famous Guanting The wall on the left is a little more steep, naturally, less people climb the wall from this side. Different people may have very different preferances. Make your choice and start climbing now! But be sure to come back and meet the whole group at the entrance at 4: 00 p. m, We have to be in time for the Peking Opera!

Meng Jiangnu' s Bitter Weeping

Many beautiful legends and tales have left in China about the construction of the Great Wall. However, many of them have been based on historical records. Among them, the most popular would probably be the one about lady Meng Ii angnu. On the night of their wedding, Wan Xiliang , Meng Iiangnu's husband, was pressganged to build the Great Wall 338 by the Qin soldiers. Before Wan Xiliang went away, Lady Meng took her white jade hairpin and broke it into two halves and gave her husband one half as a token of love. One day, when lady Meng stayed at home, she had a bad dream, she dreamed that her husband was constantly yelling: "Cold, cold! " She recalled that her husband was wearing very thin clothes. Very soon, she made some padded clothes and left home to look for her husband. She didn't expect that her husband had already died, so she burst into tears. The Great Wall was moved and it collasped for more than 20 krn , revealing the dead bodies of her hus-band and many others. On seeing this, she wrapped her husband's dead body in arm and committed suicide by jump-ing into the sea.
Now, you can find a temple built at Shanhaiguan Pass near the sea in memory of this loyal lady.