A Brief Survey
Anxi is on the vast Gobi Desert at the western end of the Hexi Corridor. It was another important station on the Silk Road. In the past,it was called Gua -- -- " melons". In the 24,130 square kilometer area ,more than 340,000 mu are under cultivation;the main crops are wheat ,corn ,and broad beans. It is one of the important bases of grain pro-duction in Gansu. Animal husbandry is developing fast on the 2,650,000 mu natrual grassland. Anxi is also known for its rich mineral resources: gold, silver, copper, iron, alu-minium ,lead, zinc,manganese mirabilite, marble, serpentine, granite ,quartzite ,dolomite ,limestone ,basalt ,and others.

Scenic Spots
Yulin Grottoes
Yulin Grottoes,a branch of the Dunhuang art complex, are located 75 kilometers southeast of Anxi. They are also named Ten—Thousand Buddha Valley. There are 41 major caves and hundreds of others scattered around. It is not yet clear when the caves were first cut. Judging from the background and the cave formation, experts have determined that they were not begun later than the Mogao Grottoes. Murals in these grottoes consist of huge scripture drawings,portraits of Buddha, rare animals and plants ,and scenes of plowing, harvesting, weddings, banquets, chess, brewing,ironsmelting,music and dancing. The big scripture drawings on the southern and northern walls of cave 25, in composition,techinque of expression ,line drawing, coloring and human image reveal the artists' skillfulness and accura-cy. They are authentic portrayals of the highly developed art of painting in the Tang Dyansty more than 1300 years ago and are praised as the essence of the Yulin Grottoes. In the drawing of the "Western Purelandn, the artist, with his great skill of condensation,described the various scenes in the grand, tranquil, and illusory Buddhist after—world. On the northern wall is the drawing of Mitreya Buddha depict-ing the ideal world to come predicted by the Buddha. Man-jusri and Samantabhadra with female devas on the western wall and Buddha Losana and Bodisattva Avalokitesvara on the eastern wall are all life—like.


Anxi In 1036 AD, the Western Xia occupied Gua and Sha (present day Anxi and Dunhuang). After founding his king-dom,Emperor Li Yuanhao,who was conversant in the clas-sics and history,expert in painting,and a devout believer in Buddhism,undertook a large scale construction of grottoes and exquisite ----the highlihgts of Yulin Grotto art. Yulin grottoes protect a very precious ivory Buddha which was evenly halved and carefully carved with hundreds of scripture drawings inside and Samantabhadra on an ele-phant with a treasure pagoda in his hands outside----all ob-viously in theindian style. It was preservde theYe for more than a thousand years before being transferred to the Palace Museum in Beijing.

East Thousand—Buddha Cave
East Thousand—Buddha Cave is found to the south of Anxi in a valley of the Qilian Mountains and is known to very few. There are a total of 20--odd grottoes constructed no earlier than the Western Xia. They contain murals and sculptures of which only a half are still extant. In the West-ern Xia Grottoes ,the murals are of then—popular Buddhist religious topics like Pureland,Master of Healing, Preaching the Dharma, Bodhisattvas and Nirvana. They are rare trea-sures of Western Xia art.

Folk Customs
Struggling in the Wind
Anxi is known as the "World Storehouse of Wind". For nearly one third of the year,there are strong winds up to 7 to 12 knots. Folk and modern wind power devices co—exist and form a unique sight in this area. People here always take the wind into account whether in choosing their clothing or mural painting. Murals of his period are unique and their houses. Generation after generaton,they have building been fighting against the wild winds:planting trees as wind-breaks ,growing grasses to protect the soil ,and struggling to save their grain crops. Even with such unfavorable climate conditions,the people of Anxi have been producing an annu-al average of 2,000 kilograms of grain per head in recent years and providing huge supplies for the province;virtually a miracle.
Enjoying Watermelons Around the Stove
Wearing heavy clothes in the morning but light at noon.
Round warming stoves they enjoy watermelons. This is an authentic description of the people's lives in Anxi. Growing melons here originated more than 2,000 years ago in the Zhou Dynasty. The people are fond of mel-ons and are expert in growing them. There is a rich variety of excellent watermelons and sweet melons with a sugar content of over 10 percent, Every summer and autumn,there are melons everywhere. Guests are served melons instead of tea. Melons become both a topic of conversation and an item of competition. Now there is a total of more than 10,000 mu o~ melons with an annual output of approximately 30,000, 000 kilograms. Anxi is really worthy of its other name---
" Gua"which means "melons"in Chinese.
Local Products
Chinese Cynomorium
Cynamorium is a rare and expensive Chinese medicinal herb. It is effective in increasing the vital energy.
it is very good for man's kidney. If you can not make love you should eat this.!!