JA Brief Survey
Jiayuguan,named for the western terminus of the Great Wall,is situated in the middle section of the Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province. It has an area of 1,260 square kilometers and a population of approximately 110,000. The inhabitants are mostly Hah but there are also Hui, Tibetan, Yugur, Kazak and Uygur minorities.
Jiayuguan had been under the jurisdiction of Jiuquan and other counties until it became a provincial municipality in 1971. Flanked by the snow—capped and glacier—embel-lished Qilian Mountains to the south and the rolling Black Mountains to the north,it lies in a 15--kilometer long val-ley. the central and western sections were originally part of the Gobi Desert,but now,with the establishment of the Ji-uquan Steel Company,it has been turned into a new city and a metallurgy industrial base.
Scenic Spots
Strategic Pass Under Heaven
Jiayuguan Pass is at the foot of the Jiayu Mountains to the southwest of the city. It'is the western terminus of the famous Great Wall. Cleft between the Qilian and Mazong Mountains, it was an important strategic point on the Silk Road.
Jiayuguan Pass was constructed in 1372 and is com-posed of inner and outer courts facing west with an area of 33,500 square meters. The towers are high and provide dis-tant views in all directions. The whole structure is magnifi-cently designed.
The inner court has an area of 25,000 square meters. It has eastern and western gates with facing towers. The two gates are protected by trap courts opening to the south. Out of the western trap court are rectangular double gateways facing west with the characters "Jia—Yu—Guan'inscribed thereon. Farther west of the western trap court there is a protective court with a main tower and two arrow towers on each side. The three walls to the east, south, and north en-close the outer city. Outside the west gate,there is a stone tablet on which is inscribed "Strategic Pass Under Heaven". Jiayuguan is the best preserved of all the Great Wall passes and one of the most famous ancient architectural works. Standing solid and grand ,it is cemented with the wisdom and sweat of the Chinese people of the past . It is said that the craftsmen had made such careful plans before beginning work that by the time the whole construction was completed,only one brick was left. A brick still lies on one of the watch towers and this is said to be the very brick.Jiayuguan Glider Base
Jiayuguan Glider Base is built at the western end of the
Hexi Corridor adjacent to the civil airport in the northern
suburbs of Jiayuguan. the broad Gobi Desert and the Ma-
zong and Qilian Mountains on either side have formed a pe~ culiar geographic location which:with its ideal climate and the advanced equipment available there ,ranks it among the three best glider bases in the entire world.

July First Glacier
July First Glacier is 110 kilometers southwest of Ji-ayuguan. It is one of the many glaciers on the north side of the Qilian Mountains. It offers a strikingly different view from the Gobi Desert.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   




Black Mountain Stone Engravings
Twenty kilometers northwest of Jiayuguan in the Black Mountains is a 24--meter—wide gorge winding for approxi-mately a kilometer through steep cliffs and perilous rock formations. On the cliffs are more than 30 engravings of mil-itary drills, archery, horsemanship, hunting, dancing, birds, animals, fish, and insects. According to archeological stud-ies ,these might be the early cultural remains of the ancient Qiang,Yuezhi and Xiongnu peoples.
Mural Tombs of the Wei and Jin Period
These ancient tombs were discovered in the New City area of the Gobi Desert 20 kilometers northeast of Ji-ayuguan. They number in the hundreds. Among the excavat-ed tombs ,six have murals composed of 600 pieces. Except for a few large ones ,most of the murals are one—brick mu-rals. They mainly depict farming, mulberry culture, anima husbandry, water fetching, hunting, gardening, opening up wasteland, barracks, cooking, banquets, dancing, chess, cat-tle ,clothing ,and household utensils. They are especially im-portant for the study of the origins of grotto art.
Local Products
Black Mountain Inkstones
Inkstone is gathered from the Black Mountain gorges of the Jiayu Mountains. It is smooth and has blue , yellow, green and red tints;it is the material of choice for painters and calligraghers.