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Section 3

caves is located in the canyon of flaming mountians

murals and paintings in the caves.

turpan Tuyuq buddha caves on the cliffs


Tuyuqgrand canyon is the most mysterious area in the western part of china.It is the The Holy Land of Mingling Civilization that multi-religious and multi historical culture had been combined here. Today we can still see the Tuyuq thousand Buddha caves and Tuyuq Hoja Mazar Mosque. They are the evidence of the history and mixture of the different culture in Turpan area. Tuyuq valley has been formally named The most famous china historical ancient village. It is the most ancient Uygur village among the existent Uygur ancient villages in Xinjiang province.It has more than 1700 years old history and still remain the most primitive and ancient folk-custom, It can be called ¡° 8living fossil of folk-custom¡± 0. The age-old adobe architecturestill reflects the highlight of the adobe cultural. It is the holy area for Muslims from home and abroad. It also the posthouse for the scholar who belong to the fields of history of religion and art of culture to stop over along ancient silk road. It is also homestead for drawer and photographer to entrust dream.Tuyuq grand canyon folk customs Cultural Tourism Zone was called Dinggu in the ancient times.This placve has become celebrated as its sinister,severe,odd,secluded¡£ It constitute of view of canyon,Thousand Buddha caves,Mazar and mosque,ancient Ugyur villages 4 parts.
¡¡¡ The view of the Tuyuq grand canyon.
The starting point of the canyon is located Subeixi ancient ruins beside national highwayNo312 to the north and ending point of the canyon is located at Mazar village to the south. The whole canyon is about 8 kilometers long.Average width is about 1 kilometer.
Subeixi culture ruisn is one of the Xinjiang¡¯ (s three biggest ancient culture. The highest peaks of the flaming mountians are situated in the canyon,which is 831.7meters.The grand canyon cut the flaming mountians from north to south longitudinally.One can clearly see the topography of the mountains peaks with clear distinction on colors. It is amazing that the uncanny workmanship were made by natures. Walking along the canyon one can appreciate Mystical and majesty scene of the canyon. The canyon can be described as sinister of the peaks, odd mountains, imposing rocks, beautiful mountain color, elegant stream, and sweet fruits. All of this together make a wonderful canyon that other canyon normally do not have in the world.


Tuyuq thousand Buddha caves.
The ThousnadBuddha caves is located at the middle section of the Grand Canyon, It was built in the period of Jin dynasty with 16 kingdom era.. It is one of the three biggest famous thousand caevs in Xinjiang. It is the first groups of protected cultural unitt that has been listed as provincial level in Xinjiang.Tuyuq thousand Buddha caves is one of the heftily place of Buddhism that the highest hierarchy of Gaochang Kingdom handled with all their strength.By the time to the Tang dynasty, the caves that located on the two sides of grand canyon have been further developed. The art of The Buddhism painting that agglomerated in the caves had been developed to a brand-newperiod.According to the record that has been excavated from Mogao caves in Dunhuang, Tuyuq area was a wonderland at that time. A book called Picture scripture of Western prefecture depicted like this:There are many temples ring upon ring along the mountains. The temple clung to the precipitous cliffs at its back. There are streams that flow to the foot of cliffs..Greeneryare everywhere there are many Buddhist caves and meditation caves.Buddhism Music reverberated in the valley. Incense burning are everbearing.Ambulatory monks swarmed here.One cannot see sun and moon when walking in the valley. Since the Caves have been built for more than 1700 years,it had undergone two phases in which the cave had been damaged by human and damaged by natural collapsing. There are totaling 94 extant caves,46 of them that has been numbered.Only 8 caves remains the fragmentary murals. The murals and paintings that had been lukily preserved still has revealed elegant of ancient civilization up to the present days.It has attracted attention of specialists and academician from all over the world, whose major is to study the history of Buddhism and art of Buddhism. It is the historical evidence and practical material to research the history of Buddhism writing, and history of Buddhism beaux-arts.history of ancient architecture. Tuyuq thousand caves called Dinggu temple in the ancient times. It is the caves in Turpan area that were built more earlier. It is also the area in Turpan that the murals in the earlier stage had been preserved much more than other places in Turpan area. The earliest caves appeared during JIn dynasty and 16 Kingdon era.The most prosperous period was when Ququshi families ruled Turpan during (443AD-450AD). Due to foreign invasion and factitious breakage,more than 90 percnet of murals had been completely depredated and damaged.Now there are only 8 caves that still remains a little murals inscribed in Ugyur languages. Among them, No1 and 2 3,4, caved are the only place in china one can see the paining dipcted about Buddha sitting in the barbarian¡¯ (bed. Here is place where the remnant of Buddhism scriptures were excavated.