The Flaming Mountains, lying in the middle of the Turpan Depression and running from east to west, are one of the branch ranges of the Tianshan Mountains and were formed in the organic movements of the Himalayas fifty million years ago.In millions of years, the natural weathering and the numerous folded belts caused by the crustal movements have formed the undulating lieand the crisscross gullies and ravines of the Flaming Mountains. Under the blazing sun, the red rock glows and hot air curls up like smoke as thoughit were on fire, hence its name. The mountains are 98 kilometers long and 9 kilometers wide. The highest peak is 40 kilometers east of the city of Turpan and 831.7 meters above sea level. The Flaming Mountains are so hot and so dry that "flying birds even 500 kilometers away dare not to come". Yet, the mountains at the same time act like a giant natural dam of the underground reservoir in the basin.ituated on the north route of the ancient Silk Road, the Flaming Mountains have many cultural relics and often told ancient tales. In recent years, the number of visitors to the mountains has been on the increase and clamoring to go on the Flaming Mountains tour has arisen. The story of the flaming mountians can be very famous for demostic tourist because evrybody knows the famous chinese Magic Novel Jouney To The West by Wuchenen in Qing Dynasty. Accordingto Novels a very famous monk called Xuanzang went on his way to India to obtain the Holy buddism scriptures.He was stoped because the big flamaing moutanis with big fire that extended to 800 kilometers intercepted them. There was no any chance to go across it. They had to put out the fire and keep going.They heard that there was a female monster called Iron fan pricess who had a magic fan that can extinguish the fire on the flaming mountains. to obtain this Magic Fan, the monkey king ,who is the pupil of the Xuanzang.had fought hardly with the monter. Finally Money king transformed himself into a very little flies and creeped into the stomach of the monster and kicked her in the stomach. At last the monster kneeled down to beg and borrowed fan to the monkey king so that they can keep going to the west.