The Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway and the Southern
Xinjiang Railway, which are the main arteries of communications
of Xinjiang, run through the whole region. The highway mileage is
about 1,183 kilometers.
Wheat and sorghum are the main grain crops
in the Turpan area and the cash crops grown here include cotton,
grapes, peanuts, oil-bearing crops, melons, and vegetables. Turpan
has 44,667 hectares of cultivated land,, 44,333 hectares of which
is irrigated. Of the total sown area, the grain-crop growing area
makes up 66.8 percent and the cash-crop growing area 28.8 percent.
Grape growing area is 5,933 hectares. The prefecture has 722,000
domestic animals in all, including 630,000 sheep, 20,000 cattle,
10,000 horses and 43,000 donkeys.
SCIENCE, EDUCATION, CULTURE AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Turpan Prefecture has three scientific research
institutions, one branch of the Central Television University, three
specialized secondary schools, one technical school, forty-two ordinary
secondary schools, 173 elementary schools, six kindergartens, eighty-two
medical organizations, twenty-nine hospitals of which ten are county-level
ones, four sanitation and anti-epidemic stations, one medicine inspection
center, more than 1,400 hospital beds and 1,300 or more medical
personnel. The prefecture has one professional the atrical company,
one radio broadcasting station with a medium-wave relay station,
two television and relay stations, 149 film projection teams, three
cultural centers, three rediffusion stations and two libraries with
a total collection of 173,000 books.
SCENIC SPOTS AND PLACES OF INTEREST
The Flaming Mountains
The Flaming Mountains, lying in the middle
of the Turpan Depression and running from east to west, are one
of the branch ranges of the Tianshan Mountains and were formed in
the orogenic movements of the Himalayas fifty million years ago.
In millions of years, the natural weathering
and the numerous folded belts caused by the crustal movements have
formed the undulating lie and the crisscross gullies and ravines
of the Flaming Mountains. Under the blazing sun, the red rock glows
and hot air curls up like smoke as though it were on fire, hence
its name. The mountains are ninety-eight kilometers long and nine
kilometers wide. The highest peak is forty kilometers east of the
city of Turpapn and 831.7 meters above sea level.
The Flaming Mountains are so hot and so dry
that “flying birds even a thousand li away dare not to come.”
Yet, the mountains at the same time act like a giant natural dam
of the underground reservoir in the basin.
Situated on the north route of the ancient
Silk Road, the Flaming Mountains have many cultural relics and often
told ancient tales. The unbelievable topography, unique products,
splendid cultural relics and the well-known story of the Monkey
King (a leading figure in the Chinese classical novel Journey to
the West who extinguished the flame with a magic fan) nave enjoyed
great popularity. In recent years, the number of visitors to the
mountains has been on the increase and a clamoring to go on the
Flaming Mountains tour has arisen. I had wroked Turpan international
travel service for 1 year before I worked in Urumqi!