The Qianling Museum
The Qianling Museum, in the vicinity of the tomb of Princess Young Tai, has a collection of numerous cultural relics unearthed from the satillite tombs at Qianling, mainly from the tomb of Princess Yong Tai, the tomb of Prince Zhang Huai, and the tomb of Prince Yi De. Although the three tombs were once robbed from the Five Dynasty to the Northern Song, lots of funeral objects, such as porcelain vessels, tricolour-glazed pottery, pottery figures and epitaphs still remained inside.
Tricolour-glazedpottery of the Tang Dynasty is a kind of pot-tery with multi-colour glaze, whose characteristics are of heteroge-neous glaze, bright-coloured sheen, and delicate and exquisite de-signs. The main elementary glaze is yellow, green, white, blue and reddish brown, etc. "Tricolour' does not mean only three kinds of colours, but many colours instead. It was called "Tricolour—glazed Pottery of the Tang Dynasty" just because it was popularized during the Tang Dynasty.
The manfacturing process of tricolour-glazed pottery involved choosing china clay first, then pounding, washing, sedimenting, moulding and rotting. After being mdde into different shapes, the molds then were decorated and dried in the sun. Next they were put in the kilns to be baked at a temperature of 1,000C. When they were cooled, the ready-mixed coloured glaze was applied. Af-ter all this being done, they were put again into the kilns to be fired at a temperature of 900 C.
The tricolour-glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty, unearthed from Qianling satellite tombs contains all kinds of tricoloured fig-ures, horses, camels and household utensils. Among the tricoloured horses, the biggest one, unearthed from the tomb of Prince Zhang Huai, is 72cm high and 80cra long. The various pottery figurines have different postures, looking vivid and life-like. Sone of the ob-jects are rare antique treasures, such as dozens of terra,cotta ar-moured cavalrymen.
The eleven pieces Of jade funeral documents, unearthed from the tomb of Prince Yi De, are the unique treasures in the QianJJng Museum. Funeral documents were accounts recorded about the emperors' achievements. They were placed inside the tomb to praise the emperors. According to historical records, before the Sui Dy-nasty, all the funeral documents were made of bamboo, then made of jade for a change in the Tang Dynasty. The eleven pieces of jade funeral documents were left about after the tomb was robbed. On exhibition in the museum are various kinds of pottery fig-ures, pottery animals, jade and gold wares, and tomb guardians. They are made with exquisite workmanship, and each, looking vivid, has its own'features.