The Tang Dynasty Arts Museum
The Tang Dynasty Arts Museum is the first dynastic museum in China. Situated in the Qujiang Scenic Spot, it is built with invest-ments from both china and Japan.
The museum covers a whole area of 2,910 square metres, of which 983 square metres are used for display. The museum is char-acterized by its typical Tang-style courtyard architecture. The Tang Dynasty Arts Museum consists of six exhibition rooms. With latest archaeological discoveries, significant historic relics and detailed written literature, the four show rooms of Chang'an—the capital of the Tang Dynasty, Chinese customs and habits, Tang poems and calligraphy, and sculpture and paintings prominently reflect the magnificent art achievements at the height of the Tang Dynasty and provide a good place for the study, and appreciation of the Tang Dynasty arts.
The first exhibition room concentrates on Chang'an—the capital of the Tang Dynasty, which reflects the Tang-style architec-ture characterized by the Tang Chang'an City with a large number of exquisite building materials and architectural models. What is the most spectacular is the restoration model of Linde Hall in Daming Palace (the Hall of Supreme Virtue in the Palace of Supreme Wis-dom)in Chang'an City of the Tang Dynasty, which is made by Yang Hongxun,a research fellow in the Archaeological Research In-stitute, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The second exhibition room is about Chinese customs and habits. It is divided in a number of divisions of music and dancing, pottery and porcelain, dress and adornment, games, silk products, tableware, currency, bronze mirrors, gold and silver wares. This exhibition room provides vivid materials for the understanding of the social style and features of the Tang Dynasty. It was recorded that there were more than 30,000 envoys and merchants from border-lands and foreign countries living in Chang'an and it was fashionable for the Hans to wear Hun's hats and the Huns to wear Han's caps. The third showroom is about Tang poems and calligraphy, which depicts the important position of the Tang poems and callig-raphy in Chinese culture. The showroom provides a good place for learning and appreciating schools of the Tang poems and their repre-sentatives and the different styles of calligraphy and their represen-tatives.
The fourth exhibition room mainly contains sculptures and paintings, which describes the great achievements in sculptures and paintings of the Tang Dynasty and show the artistic features of the Tang sculptures. They are really eye-openers. The Tang-dynasty sculpture formed its own style ; vigorous, robust, elegant and expres-sive, instead of the "delicate and slim" style of the North and South Dynasty. Here also are exhibited some pottery maids, who look pretty, plump and care-free. Thus the females in the opening era were carved vivid and life-like. The subject matter of the Tang paintings is human figures. Wu Daozi, the so called "genius painter" is a representative of this school. He is well-known all over China for his line drawings. Besides, landscapes were becoming more poi~ular during the Tang Dynasty. The representatives are Li Sixun and his son, Wang Wei, Zhang Zao and so on. The paintings of flowers and birds, line carvings, and frescoes advanced greatly during the Tang Dynasty.