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xiniang kuche



xinjiang kuche tianshan mystery grand canyon
   

 

The capital of the ancient Qiuci State, it was called " Yancheng City" during the Han Dynasty and "Yiluolu City"during the Tang Dynasty. In 648, the twen-ty-second year of Tang Emperor Zhenguan, it was put un-der the administration of the Anxi Military Viceroy's Of-fice. It was one of the four important towns and the largest city in the area in the Western Region. The city is 8 kilometers in circumference. The east, south and north walls are still visible, it's impossible to i-dentify the western walls. The east wall is 1 446 meters long, 7.6 meters high and 15 meters wide. The south wall is 1 809 meters long, 3. 5 meters high and 2 . 8 meters wide, but some sections are missing. The northern wall is about2 000 meters long, 3. 8 meters high and 3. 58 meters wide. This city was in the shape of irregular square and built with tamped earth, there are also many wall battle-ments. These battlements are 4. 8 meters long and 4. 8 meters wide and protrude at intervals of 40 meters. Many famous scholars left their footprints in this city. A monk, his name was Xuanzang, passed by Qiuci on his way to India to obtain Buddhist scriptures. The other monk was Kumurahjara, both are known as the greatest translators of the Buddhist sutra in China. Then is the Qiuci music and dances. More than 20 musical instruments were used to play, the instruments are from middle China, India and Persia, and invented in 10-235 local. From the Northern Wei dynasty, Qiuci music song and dance started to serve at the imperial court, and it was known as the"Yanyue"( a general term for popular music played at court) . There are also many earthen mounds and historical remains in the city. These sites can be placed into an ear-ly period and a later period in the terms of culture. The early period is about the time of the later Neolithic era. Many stone and bone implements, color painted pottery and coarse red pottery. The cultural relics, such as the lo-tus pattern bricks, basket pattern bricks and roll tiles, founded from the later period part are similar to that in Xi'an, in the Linde Hall of the Daming Palace, it was the Tang Dynasty. thirty-three big lined up earthenware are found from this period too. City in the Han Dynasty and used as the capital of the Anxi Duhufu (the General Governor ~ s Office of Anxi ) in the Tang Dynasty. The circumference of the ancient city was about seven kilometers. Thecity walls in dilapidation are still traceable, and ruins of teraces and architectures can also be delineated. Dug out of the earlier stratum of cultural relics are such lithic artifacts as knives, sickles, millstones, etc, some bone implements, pottery, a small number of copper utensils and such objects of historic interest as Wuzhu cash left over from the Han dynasty. From the later strata of civilization, archeologists have discovered such earthenware as a group of big jars, lotus patterned floor bricks, basket- patterned bricks, sewage pipes and tube-shaped tiles, all from the Tang
Dynasty.