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xiniang kuche

xinjiang kuche tianshan mystery grand canyon


This ruined temple built in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, it is composed of two parts, namely, the West Temple and the East Temple, which stand facing each other on the banks of the Tongchang River. The East Temple was built against a precipice, with the wall already dilapidated and the houses and pagodas in ruins. The houses, pagodas and wails are all built of adobes with some of the walls over ten meters high. There are storeyed buildings, looking very magnificent. The northernmost one of its three great pagodas stands half way up the hill, overlooking the entire scene of the collapsing shrine. The west Temple is connected with the cliff behind it by a square enclosure of adobes which has a circumference of 318 meters and a height of over ten meters. The space thus fenced off is criss-cross with ruined walls, seemingly the remains of some residential houses for the monks. There are also some pagodas here. Besides, on the north side of the temple, there is a row of Buddhist caves, the walls of which are carved with human images and inscriptions in the Qiuzi language. Here, archeologists have excavated utensils of copper, iron, pottery and wood, and also some frescoes and clay Buddha statuettes. They have, in addition, discovered some wooden tablets and broken sheets of paper with letters of some ancient languages written on them. In April, 1978, archeologists found out an ancient tomb in the vicinities of the pagoda, and also a mural of human images with inscriptions on it in the Qiuzi language. All the finds supply rare and valuable information for the investigation of the ruins.

Zhaoguli Temple now is an important cultural unit protected by the Autonomous Region. It was also called Subashi Buddhist Temple, or Yelibagelasa. Located at the southern foot of Dique'rdage Mountain and 23 kilometers northern from Kuqa County, it used to be the site of a Buddhist Temple. According to the histo records, this temple was built during the Wei and Jin dy nasties. This temple is divided into two parts by Kuqa River. The eastern temple was built on the mountainside; it is meters long from east to west, 535 meters wide from
th to north. We can still see most of the building are the west of the temple, there are the remains of the worshipping hall, Buddhist pagodas, broken walls, monks' dwellings and many shrines, it's petty that there is no lIlore Buddhist figurines left in the shrines. There are three towers in this part, the central, the southern and the 410rthern pagodas. That is the best-preserved building and !fas a Buddhist pagoda; it had a square basement and a ~und top. Some of the remains of the walls are about 10 meters. This temple was built of sun-dried bricks. The western temple stands on the western bank of the river. It is square in shape . It is about 170 meters from east to west, and 685 meters from south to north. There are a big sized, well-preserved worshipping hall and a square earthen tower; the wall of the worshipping hall is 24 meters long. Besides, the houses and the streets and lanes are easy identified in the center of this part. So this was supposed to be the dwelling area by the archeolo-gists. There are 17 Buddhist caves in the north side of the temple. The chambers of the caves are bigger and decora-ted with murals and Qiuci language inscriptions and Buddhist images. The west area is the graveyards. In 1978, a vertical tomb was excavated under the basement of the pagoda in the western worshipping hall. The archeologisa found color painted coffin tablets, animals for guarding tombs, single ear clay pottery, and piece of brocades, . dagger and a skeleton. The most interesting thing is the skeleton has a flat face and back head. Some pottery fragments, copper coins, copper ves-sels, Persian silver coins, clay Buddhist statues, instru-ments, iron vessels, jade and the bricks from Tang Dynas-ty have been excavated in this temple. The relics and buildings in this temple provide very good historical proof to study the culture, history, the de-velopment of Buddhism and the Buddhist arts, the life style of the people in old Kuqa.