Section 1

1,Xinjing Hami melon

2,xinjiang watermelon

Section 2
Section 3
watermelon field at the foot of the Tianshan Mountains

xinjiang watermelon is sweetest and vwry big


Korla Fragrant Pears
Pears have been cultivated in China for over 3,000 years, and in India were given the name "Prince of China." The Xinjiang pear also has a long history. From records we can deduce that pears were extensively cultivated in the Tarim and Turpan regions as early as a thousand or more years ago. Nowadays, pear orchards are to be found throughout the regions north and south of the Tianshan Mountains, and pears grow particularly well in Korla, Awat, Kashi, Moyu (Karakax), Shache, Yecheng and Shanshan of southern Xin-jiang. Among the native varieties of Xinjiang there are a number of distinctive pears, but the Korla fragrant pear can be singled out as enjoying widespread renown. A common saying in Xinjiang: "Turpan grapes and melons from Piqan Korla pears, taste smooth and silken" shows the high opinion people have of Korla fragrant pears. The Korla fragrant pearis a medium-sized fruit shaped like a spindle. The skin is yellowish-green, with a reddish tinge where it has been exposed to the sun. It has a heavy scent and is crisp and refreshing to eat, being sweet and very juicy. With a sugar content of ten percent, the Korla fragrant pear is also a rich source of Vitamin C. This excellent pear has often been placed in the top ranks of China's quality pears. Shanghai youngsters sent to the border regions brought back these pears for their friends and relatives, and people said, "Korla pears surpass all of Shanghai's other fruits." The Korla fragrant variety is indeed a fine Chinese pear. Before Liberation, Korla fragrant pear o.rchards only covered a mere thirty or so hectares in the center of the oasis, but after 1949 pear cultivation developed rapidly, and in the area stretching from the banks of the Konqi River to the lowest reaches of the Tarim River, bordering the desert, a large number of new pear orchards were planted. Today there are already over 1,700 hectares under pear cultivation. A visitor to Korla finds pear trees wherever he looks, growing beside canals or at the side of the road, bordering the fields and flourishing in family courtyards. In recent years, the popularization of scientific methods of pear cultivation has led to excellent crop yields year after year, which now have reached a yearly total of over 5,500 tons. As well as satisfying the local market, Karla fragrant pears are sent to Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong. In addition, large quantities of pears are processed to supply the market with canned fruit. Korla fragrant pears have very thin skips and delicate, juicy flesh, so if they are slightly damaged during picking, they soon start to go bad. Consequently, pear pickers have to be very careful and handle the fruit very gently. Transportation and storage also need to be carefully arranged. In the past, the inhabitants of Korla used to store fragrant pears in straw or bury them in sand over the winter. However by the time spring arrived, the flavor of the pears would have already deteriorated. Nowadays fruit growers and marketing authorities use cellar storage and controlled atmosphere storage, and by these methods can extend the supply of fresh pears right through to May of the following year. Moreover the flavor is preserved, spoilage is reduced and profits increased. Whenever the Korla fragrant pear is introduced to other places the quality always drops, but other varieties of Chinese pears introduced to Korla and such areas very often have a better flavor than their native counterparts. Over ten new varieties from other areas of China have been planted in the Korla oasis. They have adapted well to the new environment and yielded good results, all without exception being top-grade varieties. Looking into the future, the Korla oasis could well become the "Kingdom Where a Hundred Pears Contend."