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Section 1

1,Xinjing Hami melon

2,xinjiang watermelon


Section 2
 
Section 3
watermelon field at the foot of the Tianshan Mountains



xinjiang watermelon is sweetest and vwry big
   

 

Xinjiang Silk Road Big Watermelons
During the summer and autumn months, watermelons come onto the market alongside muskmelons. Piles of these fruits are displayed in the fruit shops and melon stalls in the towns and villages, and on the wayside stalls next to the melon patches. Xinjiang's watermelons are large with soft, succulent pulp and a sweet, refreshing flavor, and moreover are relatively cheap.
Watermelons are a native of Africa. Their cultivation in China first started in Xinjiang and there are numerous records of this in ancient texts from the Song Dynasty onwards, which state that watermelon cultivation in Xinjiang began over 1,000 years ago during the Five Dynasties (907-960) and then spread to the north of China where the melons became renowned. Other records note that in the tenth century watermelons were widely grown throughout Central Asia and what is now southern Xinjiang. After 1949, archaeological workers in Xinjiang came across 1,000-year-old watermelon seeds while digging at the ancient Astana tombs at Turpan, thus providing incontrovertible evidence to support these accounts.
Despite Xinjiang's centuries-long history of watermelon cultiva-tion, there were only a limited number of varieties before Liberation which, far from improving, were showing a regressive tendency. Moreover, the quality and yield were poor. After 1949, fine strains suitable for local conditions were introduced from northern China, the Soviet Union, East Asia and North America. The efforts of

Xinjiang's melon growers and horticulturists, who have made the most of Xinjiang's natural advantages, mean that not only have the imported varieties adapted successfully but also new quality varieties have been bred. Nowadays over 20,000 hectares throughout Xin-jiang are under watermelon cultivation, which is slightly larger than the muskmelon growing area. The annual yield of watermelons is around 300,000 tons. Famous watermelon producing regions in-clude Jing, Xiayedi (or more accurately the eastern side of the Gar Basin), Changji and Turpan. A large number of the high-quality melons from these areas are marketed in their own districts, while the rest are consigned to Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and the prov-inces.
Watermelons are cooling and thirst quenching, and full of nutri-tion. Analysis by medical scientists has revealed that watermelon pulp contains various fruit acids, trace elements and Vitamins B1, B2, A and C, as well as fiber, protein, carbohydrate, all of which are essential to the normal functioning of the body. In addition, the rind, pulp, seed kernels, root and leaves of the watermelon are all important sources of Chinese medicines with a wide range of applications from treating mouth ulcers to relieving alcohol poison-ing. Watermelon seeds make an excellent snack as roasted melon seeds contain twice as much protein and eleven times as much fat as the same amount of flour.