xinjang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xin for short) is located in North-West China, covering an area of 1.6 million square kilometers, and with a population of 15.5 million.

Surrounded by lofty mountains, Xin jiang Autonomous Region has in its territory, three huge mountains and two enormous basins: the Zhungeer basin between the Tianshan Mountain and the Kunlun Mountain where the vast Takla Makan Desert is found. Most of its rivers are inland rivers, among which the Tarim River is the longest one. The Tianshan Mountain forms climate demarcation line. It's temperate continental dry or semi-dry climate north of the Mountain while south of it, warm temperate continental dry climate.

It has rich resources of coal, iron, petroleum, salt, gold and nonferrous metals, of which berylliun, lithium, white mica, albite, serpentines etc. hold the first place in China.

Its chief agricultural produce includes wheat, corn, cotton, silk-cocoons, melon and fruit etc. Among which cotton, melon and fruit hold a significant position in China. Being one of China's five major pastoral areas, it has advanced livestock breeding. Its main industries cover petroleum, coal, textile, foodstuff and metallurgy.

Highway and railway play a major part in transportation of the Xinjiang Autonomous Region, hand in hand with air service and transport through tubes.
Vast in area, Xinjiang has various types of geographical conditions and multitude of regional and ethnic cultures, as well as abundant historical and cultural resources. Among its scenic spots and historical sites are while popular Ravin of Jianhu in Urumqi, Heavenly Lake of the Tianshan Mountain, Flaming Mountains of Turpan, The Mosque in Kaxi, ancient city ruins of Lanlo etc.

Main traditional and famous specialties comprise carpet, leather, fine-cashmere, Hami melon and seedless grapes.

The best way to travel Xinjiang is to hire a landcruiser and self drive in Xinjiang. We can make you success! In this Xinjiang Section I will put more Xinjiang articles from all the places i have been for you to read!!My Name is Jason a tour guide and tour operator of Xinajing Travel services here.

one-sixth of China, the Biggest Province
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in the northwestern border area of China and the heart of the Euro-Asia continent. The Region has an area of 1.6649 million square kilometres, one-sixth of the entire size of China . The land boundary in Xinjiang runs up to 5,600 kilometres, about one-quarter of the nation's total land borderline, linking China with 8 countries altogether. Among all provinces and autonomous regions in the country, it is the one with the longest borderline and the biggest number of neighbouring countries. Domestically, Xinjiang borders on Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province and Gansu Provin~e.


1. Topography of "Two Basins Flanked by Three Mountains"
The entire region of Xinjiang features "two basins f1anked by three mountains". The "three mountains" refer to the Altay in the north, the Tianshan in the middle and the Kunlun and Karakorum in the south. The "two basins" are the Junggar in the north and the Tarim in the south. The Tianshan Mountains serve as an axis, dividing Xinjiang into the northern and south-ernparts,eachwithdistinguishingnaturalconditions. Customarily,theareaaroundTurpanand Hami is also called Eastern Xinjiang.
The Tianshan Mountains are the biggest mountain system in Asia, running about 2,500 kilometres east-west and 250-300 kilometres north-south. They are a combination of three roughly parallel mountain ridges, which produce a number of depressions and valleys with varying size and height, such as IIi Valley, Major and Minor Yoledus Depressions, Yanqi Depression, Turpan Depression and Hami Depression. The highest point of the Tianshan Mountains is Tomur Peak, 7,435 .5 metres above sea level; the Bogda Peak stands at a height of 5,445 metres to the east of Urumqi. The Turpan Depression at the eastern end of the Tianshan Mountains is the lowest point on land in China, 154 metres below the sea level. The Altay Mountains are also known as the Gold Mountains for rich reserve of this precious metal there. The main body of the Altay mountains is in Mongolia, running about 400 kilometres from northwest to southeast, with an average altitude of 2,000 to over 3,000 metres. The highest point is Youyi Peak, 4,373 metres above sea level. Both the Kunlun and Karakorum Mountains originate from the Pamirs and wind their way eastward side by side. The Karakorum Mountains extend into northern Tibet and connect with the Gandise Mountains; while the Kunlun Moun-tains run through the border of Xinjiang and Tibet and then reach into Qinghai and Sichuan

Provinces. The Kunlun Mountains in Xinjiang are 1,800 kilometres long and 150 kilometres wide, with most of their ridges over 5,000 metres in altitude. The "three towers of Kunlun" are the Kongur Peak (7,719 metres), Kongurjobe Peak (7,595 metres) and Muztagata Peak (7,546 metres), the latter also dubbed as Father of lee Mountains. The Karakorum Mountains have an average altitude of 5,000-6,000 metres. The Chogori Peak stands at the border between China and Pakistan at a height of 8,611 metres, making it the second highest in the world and the highest in Xinjiang. The Pamirs, nicknamed as "Father of Thousands of Mountains", is formed by the converging Karakorum, Tianshan and Hindu Kush Mountains.
The Junggar Basin is located between the Tainshan and Altay Mountains, with a size of 180,000 square kilometres and a height averaging 500 metres. At the southern verge of the Basin is an alluvial plain overlooked by the Tianshan Mountains, which is now an oasis agricultural zone; in the middle is the Gurbantunggut Desert, the second biggest in China, covering 45,000 square kilometres; and in the west is the Alataw Pass and Ertix Valley, both being historical thoroughfares. Located to the south of the Tianshan Mountains, the Tarim Basin is an interior basin surrounded by plateaus, only with its eastern end linking up with the River West Corridor. In the middle of the Tarim Basin is the famous Taklimakan Desert, the biggest one in China, with an area of 330,000 square kilometres. At the fringe of the Basin are luxuriant oases nurtured by the melting snow from nearby mountains.
Divided by the Tianshan Mountains, Northern Xinjiang is of a dry and semi-dry temperate continental climate with an annual temperature averaging 4 to 9 degrees centigrade; while the Southem part features a dry temperate continental climate with yearlong temperature averaging from 7 to 14 degrees in Celsius. On the whole, Xinjiang is marked by a prominent continental climate.