Hotan warmly welcomes the guests from abroad and at home to visit
and tour our area.
II Main Tourist Sites
( I)Ancient Cultural Ruins
1. Ancient City of Niya
It is located north of Niya in the middle of the Taklimakan desert,
about 150kms away from Niya county. In 1962 the ancient site of
Niya was desig-nated as a major cultural site under the preservation
of the Autonomous Re-gion of Xinjiang. In 1996 the ancient city
of Niya became a state - protected cultural relic site. It is considered
that it was the capital of the Jing Jue country.
The northern, eastern and western sides of the old city are surrounded
by high sand dunes, the southern side is located lower than the
rest. The length of the ancient site from the north to the south
is 20kms, from west to east it¡¯ s about 10kms wide. The area can
be divided in at least six different parts. Some of the ancient
buildings are fairly well preserved. At present the main preserved
ones are the temple, some houses which are half visible and half
underground, a single wooden bridge and so on. Also the ancient
river, an ancient water canal and some streets are still visibe.
At the ancient site of Niya there have been excavated a large number
of cultural relics. Most of them are old wooden articles, iron and
copper items, pottery, stone articles and woolen fabrics. Ancient
copper coins of the East Hun Dynasty were discovered as well as
a large number of wooden slates mostly written in the Sanskrit language.
Some of the slates were also written in the old Hotan and Chinese
languages. At one site there was an iron re-finery with burned articles
found. In one of the graves of the Hun Dynasty a male mummy was
found on which the following Chinese Characters were imprinted on
the fabric: ¡°Everything turns out as you wish¡±. In October 1995
a piece of silk fabric was excavated with following words imprinted:
¡°Five stars rising from the East, is an auspicious symbol for China¡±.
The first excavators to arrive, across the Karakorum from India,
was the young Swedish explorer named Sven Hedin and the formidable
oriental scholar Aurel Stein, an English Hungarian. Later Huang
Wen Bi and other famous archeologists came to the old Niya site
in the beginning of the 20th century.
2. Andir Ancient City
In ancient times the Andir ancient city was named¡±Tang Lan Cheng¡±.
It is located in the middle of the desert in Niya county, west of
Andir village which is about 20kms away. It is 500kms away from
Hotan city. The ancient city belongs to the Hah and Jin period.
It is a sister city of Niya ancient city. The ancient city is round
shaped. There is an open gate in the east. The city gate is 3.4ms
wide and has two door wings. The city wall is 2 - 3ms, thick. The
diameter of the inner city is about 200ms. The inner city was tightly
built, but most of it is destroyed now. Inside of it some cotton
bolls, ears of the wheat, cotton fabrics and so on were found.
3. Kara Dung(Black Hill)
The Kara Dung ancient city is located in the middle of the northern
part of the Taklimakan desert at the lower end of the Keriya river.
It¡¯ s about 240kms away from Keriya county and 440kms away from
Hotan city. The word Kara Dung is Uygur and means¡±Black Hill¡± .
This ancient city is stretched out over 60ms and its clay and mud
walls are 8ms high. The width of the foundation is 20ms and the
top part of the wall 8ms. The wall is made up of a layer of tree
branches and a layer of clay mixed with mud. This kind of construction
is wind resistant. Up to now there have been found pottery and felt
pieces, copper coins of the Han Dynasty, blue and white printed
fabrics, knives, metal arrow - heads and so on. Looking at the findings,
this place can be assigned to the Han, North and South Dynasties.
It is also one of the ten ¡°small cities¡±which existed during the
period of the Yutian country.
4. The Ruins of Dandan Oylik Buddhist City
This place is located at the joining parts of the Yorunkash and
Keriya river and is about 360kms away from Hotan city. The ancient
city belongs to the Han and Tang Dynasties. The area from north
to south is 2kms long and lkm wide. Most of the buildings were Buddhist
temples and built in a wide scale. Aurel Stein carried out an excavation
in 1901. He found the famous wooden slate on which a human body
with a mouse head was por-trayed. Another slate he found was about
the princess who passed on silk-worm eggs to Yutian. Professor Huang
Wen Bi who is a very famous arche-ologist of our country also inspected
and excavated this place in 1929. He found writings in Chinese,
Yutian(old Hotan language), Karoshti and Brah-man languages and
also a large number of ancient coins and other relics. The ruins
of the Dandan Buddhist city are world famous although they are covered
by sand now. They still have a great value for archeologists, explorers
5. Aksepil Ancient City
It is located at the northern part of the desert outside Lop county,
54kms away from Hotan city. The earliest time when the wall was
built was around 2nd century B. C. The Uygur word Aksepil means¡±white
city wall¡± The city wall¡¯ s diameter is 7 - 8 kms. Now the greater
part of the wall is covered by drifted sand or damaged by wind so
that only 93.6 ms are left. The wall is 5 ms high, the foundation
is 2.5 ms wide and the top of the wall is 1.5 ms wide. There are
rifle - pits on top of the wall. Among the exca-vated relics there
are ancient coins, Pottery, small golden Buddha Statues, etc. Also
some writings in Karoshti and Brahman languages were found. Aurel
Stein inspected and excavated this place twice, once in 1901 and
then again in 1906. He carried off large numbers of relics. Huang
Wen Bi, an archeology professor, found a coin of a Yutian horse
in 1929. This is the only horse coin existing in our country. The
Aksepil ancient city is under the Autonomous Regional preservation
of Cultural Relics since 1957.
6. The Ruins of Rawak Temple
It is located in the desert north - west of Jiya township, Lop county
and is 70 kms away from Hotan city. It is the only temple which
has a gandara style(similar form as an Indian temple) which is quite
well preserved in Hotan district. It prospered and declined from
the 2nd to the 10th centu-ry. The Uygur word¡±rawak¡± means ¡°pavilion¡±
. The Buddhist temple was in the center of a group of Buddhist pagodas.
The temple was surrounded by a courtyard wall. Outside and inside
the courtyard there were large numbers of frescos, clay sculptures
and Buddha figures scattered around. Also some wall paintings were
found. On them some stories about Buddhism were painted such as
a map of Samsara. The clay sculptures and Buddha figures were at-tached
on two sides of the wall. Inside and outside of the temple a large
number of red and grey pottery pieces and some broken pieces of
Buddha figures were scattered around. Aurel Stein inspected and
excavated this place twice, once in 1901 and then again in 1906.
He carried off large numbers of precious relics. Professor Huang
Wen Bi also inspected the place in 1929 and found Buddha figures,
frescos and also Wu Zhu coins, Buddhist pearls and different kinds
of pottery pieces, etc. The Rawak temple is under the preser-vation
of the Autonomous Regional Cultural Relics Unit.
7. Imam Asim Ancient Tomb
It is situated at the northern part of Lop county, 10 kms outside
the Jiya township. From Hotan city it¡¯ s 23 kms away. The tomb is
in a place where farming land and the desert meet. It is said that
the tomb belongs to a Muslim missionary who was also a military
officer in the 1 lth century. Around the grave is a wooden fence,
followed by a wall plastered with clay and mud. Nearby is also a
mosque for Muslims which is quite impressive. This tomb¡¯ s influence
is very strong among the local Muslisms. Every May more than I0,
000 people visit this tomb local to worship. Many barren Uygur women
go there to pray for a baby. Nearby are also two big¡±toghrak¡¯ (a
kind of poplar tree) under which ladies are pinning needles into
the tree trunk. If some liquid or resin comes out it means that
their prayers have been an-swered. This is one of the worship places
of Islam believers.¡¯ Tourists also like this place because it¡¯ s
good for sight- seeing and enjoying the boundless desert scenery.
8. Melikawat Ancient City Ruins
It is located at the west bank of Yorungkash river and southeast
of Hotan city which is 27 kms away. It belongs to the Hah and Tang
Dynas-ties. It has been under the Autonomous Regional Preservation
of Cultural Relics since 1957. The ruins are from north to south
10 kms long and from west to east 2 kms wide. The west part of the
ruins is surrounded by small dunes. The Kunlun mountains loom in
the south and peak out through the clouds. The Yorungkash river
in the east winds its way through the desert. Not far away in the
north you can see a village with houses surrounded by green trees.
Inside the ruins there are leftovers of houses and ancient tombs.
On the western side behind a sand hill there exist 3 mystical caves.
So far some bronze Buddha figures, jade articles, clay Buddha sculptures,
ancient Uygur styled wall decorations, fresco pieces, potteries
and a large amount, of old coins have been unearthed. Among the
coins some are ¡°Wu Zhu¡±coins which belong to the Hah Dynasty and
others are ¡°Jian Lun¡± coins belonging to the Wei, Jin, Northern
and Southern Dynasties. Some others are called ¡°Kai Yun Tong Bao¡±
belonging to the Tang Dynasty.
Aurel Stein inspected and excavated this place twice, once in 1901
and then again in 1906. He collected a large number of articles
belonging to the Han and Tang Dynasties. Chinese professor Huang
Wen Bi has also inspected this place twice, once in 1929 and then
again in 1957. He considered that it was the capital of the Yutian
country. Some other scholars say that Me-likawat¡¯s ruins were once
9. Yotkan Ancient City Ruins
They are located at Baghqi township in Yotkan village which today
is called Alnama. They are 13 kms away from Hotan city. These Buddhist
ruins belong to the Hah and Song Dynasties. It is under the Autonomous
Regional Preservation of cultural Relics. The Yotkan city ruins
cover an area of 10 square kms. Most of the cultural relics are
about 3 - 6ms in the ground. Among the excavated cuhrual relics
mostly jade articles, golden Buddha figures and a large amount of
old coins have been unearthed which were used during a long period
of time. The earliest coins called ¡°Wu Zhu¡± belong to the Han dynasty.
The coin of the Wang Mang¡¯ s period bave on two sides of the coins
letters imprinted in Han and Sanskrit languages. The latest dated
coins belong to the Karahan Dynasty while Mohammad Arslanhan ruled.
The Chinese Cultural Relics Department excavated a golden duck during
their investigations. They also found one coin called ¡°Qian Yuan
Huang Bao¡± and collected some pottery pieces with human patterns
and animals on it. ¡® Fa Xian from the Eastern Jin Dynasty and Xuan
Zang from the Tang Dynasty set their feet on this place. Swen Hedin
excavated some relics from Yotkan in 1896. Aurel Stein had twice
excavated relics from here, once in October 1901 and then again
in April 1906. Professor Huang Wen Bi in-spected the place in 1929
and recorded his roundings.
10. Kokmarim Rock Cave (Zanmu Miao)
The Kokmarim Rock Cave is situated near Layka township, about 34
kms southwest of Hotan city at the east bank of the Karakash river.
The cave is located half way up the mountains, about 80 ms above
the river bank. The word Kokmarim is Persian and means ¡°snake mountain¡±
. It is a two -floor cave which is connected by stairs and a ladder.
The cave is at the foot of a hill and beside a river. It has a beautiful
scenery and below the cave the roaring Karakash river is flowing.
On the opposite side of the river there are green fields, trees
and some villages. The river from above looks like the shape of
a dragon, its source springs from the Kunlun mountains. Walking
to the rock cave and then standing on top of the cave looking into
the distance you can enjoy a beautiful scenery of mountains and
the river. According to historical records the rock cave was found
by the great master Fa Xian when passing through in 401 B.C. Therefore
the cave was called ¡°Zanmu Miao¡±. in his book ¡°The note of Buddha
countries¡¯he men-tions that there are three caves at the western
part of the rock cave. As they are very deep you cannot see the
end of the cave. Historical facts indicate that these three caves
were used as a storage place for army officers.
11. Hasa and Hasha Ancient Castles
The Hasa and Hasha ancient castles can also be called stone- wall
castles. They are located in the south of Qira county. Passing through
the Qakar village which is 180 kms away from Hotan city, it¡¯ s about
12 kms outside Qakar towards the west. The main castle is on top
of the Hasha mountain bordering the Hasha village which is only
1 km away. On one side is a semi -desert and on the other three
sides are mountains. The walls in the east and west weren¡¯ t built
because there is a river protecting it. The stone walls are made
from stone pieces and clay. In the llth century there was a 24-
year war between the Yutian country and the Karahan imperial kingdom.
The Yutian people believed in Buddhism and the Karahan in Is-lam.
This religious war got won by the Karahan imperial kingdom and therefore
fighting stopped. Two of the Yutian army commanders, one was named
Qohtirishit and the other Nohtirishit, led the army back to Qakar
and built these two castles. They hoped that one day they would
stride across the Kunlun mountains and move into Tibet. Because
of pursuing troops which approached quickly as well as bad weather
and freezing temperatures all of them died in a battle in the winter
of 1006. The castles got left behind and remind us of a tragic history.
12. Halalbagh Buddhist Temple
It is located at Tusalla township in the Halalbagh village about
11 kms south of Hotan city. It covers an area of 1 square km. The
temple was built more than 20 ms high on clay soil. It is well preserved.
Nearby many pottery pieces were found and also a large number of
human bones which were piled up. Among the excavated articles are
copper coins, pottery pieces and pearls, etc. It is said that the
temple was built by the king of the Yutian country to commemorate
the princess of the Eastern Country who carried some silkworm eggs
to the Yutian country.
13. Sanju Rock Painting
The Sanju Rock Painting is located on a rock in Urqi village which
is 180 kms away from Hotan city. Urqi belongs to the Sanju township
in Guma county. The painting is on the opposite side of a river.
The length of the painting is 3.3 meters and its height is 1.3 meters.
On the painting there are figure paintings, animals and other paintings
whose meanings are not known yet. It is assumed that the ancient
people spent their life with hunting. This place stands under the
preservation of historical relics by the Autonomous Region since
14. Hotan Museum
The museum is located in the center of Hotan city. In the exhibition
room there are on display many kinds of cultural relics unearthed
from vari-ous Hotan areas. These cultural items reflect the long
history of Hotan for more than 2, 000 years. They are proof of the
areas¡¯ splendid culture, eco-nomical conditions, political situations,
life and customs. These relics reflect the ¡°Silk Road¡± which effected
the historical and cultural exchanges as well as trade between China,
its nationalities and Central Asia and Western countries.
15,people ¡°tears coming out of crying eyes¡±. It is located at the
edge of the Kizil village which belongs to the Qakar township, Qira
county. It¡¯ s 20 kms away from Qakar. The cool spring lays in the
middle of the boundless semi-desert. The water flows unceasingly
throughout the whole year. Traditions tell that the water of the
cool spring was the tears of a holy man called ¡°Imam Mahdi Ahir
Zaman¡±. The red mountain slope behind it means the red color of
the holy man¡¯ s face. If people wash their face in the spring water,
their eyes become bright and their face pretty. Under the mountain
slope there are two poplar trees leaning on each other. They are
so tall that they almost reach the clouds. The cool spring water
irrigates the surrounding land so that flowers and grass can grow.
All the visitors appreciate and like to enter this won-derful place.
2. Natural Scenery along the River
In Uygur it is called ¡°Darya boyi¡± which means ¡°along the river¡±.
This place is located in the middle of the Taklimakan desert, about
220 kms north of Keriya county where there is also a village with
the same name. From Hotan it¡¯ s about 420 kms. If you leave Keriya
county and go along the Keriya river to the north, you will enter
a vast sea of sanddunes which rise and fall swiftly. The view from
the desert is amazing and takes your breath. After 100 kms you can
see some oasis and a whole belt of poplar trees which are called
¡°toghrak¡±. They spread out over a vast area. The poplar belt is
more than 200 kms long from the south to the north and several kilometers
wide. In fall the leaves turn into a beautiful red and yellow and
that will surely stir up your interest. On the way you can also
see some wild animals.
3. The King of Fig Trees anti the Orchard with Hundreds of Fruits
The orchard is located at the southern part of Hotan city, in the
Layka township at the government garden. It¡¯ s 22 kms away from
Hotan city. The fig tree has a history of over 400 years. The age
of this old fig tree can¡¯ t obvi-ously be seen. It still has large
branches, many leaves and is as rich on fruits as ever. Every year
new branches are growing. It covers an area of one alu (666 square
meters). Such an old fig tree is not only seldom in Xinjiang but
in all of China. Therefore this tree is called¡±the king of fig trees¡±.
There is a fine legend about the king of fig trees. It is said that
there was once a king of Yutian country. He had no son even at the
age of 70. The king was afraid to be without any male offspring.
The people were afraid that the king¡¯s sovereignty would stop. So
the peoply went and explored how they could find an elixir to extent
the life of the king, but they couldn¡¯ t find anything. One day
a mother of a Western country king was passing through the area.
She met a farmer who was walking around looking for some-thing.
She asked him for the reason and was told that he was looking for
an elixir to extend the life of the king. She was deeply moved and
gave him a branch of a tree. The farmer put the branch into the
ground in front of his house. On the second day he saw that the
branch got many leaves and other branches. It was also bearing fruits
without having blossomed. When the king ate of these figs, sure
enough it was effective and he lived to be 100 years old.
In the orchard of the King of Fig tress there is a Uygur styled
reception center which makes up 300 square meters. Tourists can
taste many delicious dishes and fruits, stay over night, enjoy amusement
and other activities.
4. The King of Walnut Trees
This walnut tree with its 500 years of age is also called ¡°the god
of longevity of the trees¡± . It is situated in Baghqi township,
7 kms south of Hotan city. The king of the walnut trees has a long
trunk, its height is about 20 ms and the crown of the tree is very
large. It covers an area of about one mu(666 square meters) . The
trunk is so big that it takes five people stretched out holding
hands to go around it. Every year the walnut tree still produces
5 - 6, 000 thin - shelled walnuts of high quality. Hotan¡¯ s walnuts
ripe early and are big, the shell is thin and cracks easily. Their
nutritive value is very high. They are not only one of the best
nuts but also rich in protein.
5. Yorungkash River(White Jade River)
The Yorungkash river lies in the east 4 kms away from Rotan city.
This river is one of the two branches of the river which makes up
the Hotan river. Its source is southeast of the Muz Tagh (ice mountain)
under the snow - capped peaks of the northern Tibetan highlands.
Glacier water forms the fiver as the snow on top of the mountains
melts. The length of the Yorungkash river is 513 kms. Every year
from June to September it¡¯s the flood season and the fiver is full.
Every year from October to next May, the water level is low. During
this time it¡¯ s the good season for people to look for and even-tually
pick up jade. In history the Yorungkash river was also called the
¡°Jade river¡± or ¡°White Jade River¡± . The White jade and especially
the world¡¯ s most famous sheep- fat colored jade with its highest
grade of quality have been found here for centuries.
6. Karakash River
The Karakash river is called in Chinese the ¡°Black Jade River¡± .
In Uygur the word means ¡°black river banks¡±. It is one of the two
arms of rivers which make up the Hotan river. Its source is in the
Kunlun mountains near the Karakorum Peak. The total length of the
river is 808 kms. Every year from June to September it is the flood
season. From October to next May it is the dry season. The Karakash
river is famous for the black jade known by many customers at home
7. Grape corridors
These grape corridors are located in the countryside of Hotan coun-
ty. Hardworking Uygur farmers economize their land and plant along
and paths corridors of grapes as a protection against sandstorms.
They put up
wooden frames which cover the roads like a tunnel. The corridors
more than 1, 480 kms. This is the same length as the road which
Beijing to Qangsha in Hunan Province. Such an occurrence is hardly
the world. Premier minister Jiang Zemin came to Hotan in August
oversee the work of the government. After be got driven along the
corridors he was totally surprised and with admiration he wrote
four characters: ¡°A world sensational wonder¡±,
8. Yengi Erik Desert and Reservoir
This word means in Uygur¡±new water channel¡±, It is located 22 kms
in the northwest of Hotan city. This place is located in the very
far southern corner of the Taklimakan desert which is the second
largest desert in the world but ranges as number one with its moving
of sand. The sanddunes are very majestic and they go as far as the
eye reaches. The scenery is quite breath - taking and magnificent.
Just behind the sanddunes in the south there is the Yengi Erik reservoir.
Some farmers are also fishing in the reser-voir. Tourists can swim
in the warm water or also take a ride in a rowing boat. Nearby there
are some neat cultivated rice fields and a forestry belt, Towards
the northwest the oasis and desert meet and this makes beau-tiful
scenery. Experiencing a sunrise or sunset is a special attraction
nobody should miss.
( IB ) Folk Customs
1. Keriya¡¯s Women Cap
These ladies of Uygur nationality who have settled down in Keriya
since a long time wear a special head cover. Mainly middle - aged
and older Uygur ladies wear on their head this kind of cap which
is unknown in other places of the world. It has the form of a tea
- bowl and its diameter is 10 cms. It is only used as a decoration
and makes ladies more beautiful. The Uygur people call this cap¡±talpak¡±.
This cap is special that it has become famous all over the world
. A silk fabric covers the top of the cap. Underneath they use lamb
skin. The handicraft is quite particular. The ladies use a needle
to fix the cap on the right side of their white scarf. Looking at
the cap from close by, it looks like a cap, but looking from further
away it appears to be a bowl or a flower bud. Its form has its own
speciality. This small Keriya (cap for women is so special that
it has been entered into the Guiness Record Book as the world¡¯s
smallest women head cover.
2. Hotan Bazaar
Hotan¡¯ s great bazaar is located in the northeastern corner of Hotan
city. it is one of the biggest market in southern Xinjiang. It has
14 special market areas which get flooded by hundreds and thousands
of people every Sunday. Often there are more than 100, 000 people
shopping on a Sunday in the bazaar. All kinds of special local Hotan
products can be bought. In the bazaar beautiful styled dresses can
be seen or bought and many sweet fruits and delicious dishes as
well as snacks can be tasted.
Minority Products and Souvenirs
1. Atlas Cloth
The word Atlas means in Uygur language ¡°tie - dyed silk fabric¡±.
Atlas is one of the traditional products of Hotan. It has a history
of over 2, 000 years. The texture of Atlas is soft, light and graceful.
The Atlas silk has bright colors, the patterns are rich, changeable
and have strong local Hotan characteristics. In Jiya township there
is a traditional Atlas producing family which retained the ancient
technics of silk dying, silk spinning and weaving on wooden looms.
Local Uygur girls and ladies like the Atlas silk cloth very much.
At the same time many tourists like to buy it as a souvenir.
2. Mulberry Paper
The mulberry paper is a traditional handicraft of the Uygur nationality.
At present there is only one family in Hotan district who still
produces such paper. The family lives in Hotan city. The art of
this handicraft has a history of more than 2, 000 years. According
to historical facts the technic of the paper making handicraft was
here more than 100 years earlier than Ceylon¡¯s invention of the
paper. The raw material for the paper consists of the bark of nmlberry
branches. For making paper pulp, they use the ashes of tamarisk
and ¡°toghrak¡± a kind of a Chinese poplar and boil it together with
the bark. The whole work is done by hand. Tourists can obtain such
paper as sou-venirs.
3. Hotan Carpet
The history of Hotan carpets is as long as 2, 000 years old. The
Hotan carpets belong to the oriental style of handicraft and are
soht to over ten countries in Europe, America, Australia and also
in Asia. The main reason why the Hotan carpets are famous in domestic
and foreign market is because of the raw lnateria) used and the
precise weaving. The yarn which gets spun by locals comes from the
wool of Hotan sheep which has a perfect thickness, is strong and
elastic as well. It is shiny and feels soft when touching and these
carpets last many years.
In 1992 the Hotan carpet factm¡¯y has woven a carpet for the Great
Hall of the People in Beijing called ¡°Tianshan Song¡± (praise the
Tianshan moun-tains). This large carpet is 12.5 ms long and 4.5
ms wide. This is one of the largest fine art carpets of the world
at present. Therefore it became an un art treasure. In June 1997
the government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has given a large
sized tapestry souvenir named ¡°Tianshan Huan Ge¡± (happy song of
Tianshan mountain) commemorating the founding of HongKong¡¯ s special
administrative area. It was also woven in Hotan by the ¡°Foreign
Trade Carpet Factory¡±.
4. Hotan Jade
Hotan is the main jade production center of the world for 2, 000
The Hotan white jade is in big demand among the jade products of
the world. Since early years the Hotan jade has been transported
to mainland China and Eurasian markets in a steady stream. It has
become a rare treasure for the nobles in authority. All the seven
counties and one city of Hotan district can naturally produce jade,
but it is mostly produced from the Yorungkash and Karakash rivers.
Every year about 200- 300kgs white jade gets pro-duced. There are
too many rare carved treasures from the Hotan jade to mention them
individually. The 5,300kgs heavy jade carving called ¡°Da Yu Zhi
Shui Yu Shah¡± which is exhibited in the Beijing Palace Museum is
made of Hotan jade. The 3, 473kgs heavy jade carving called ¡°Da
Qian Fo Guo Tu¡± is also a carving from Hotan jade. In 1992 the Hotan
Jade Carving Factory carved a big jade screen called ¡°Shou Gu Wu¡±
(tambourine dance) for the Beijing People¡¯ s Hall. This gave rise
to a big sensation throughout the world.
Modern medicine research found out that there are some special trace
elements in the Hotan jade. This has a good effect on the human
body. If worn for a long 6me it will bring good health, long life
and a controlling effect for hypertension, old age as well as venereal
IV Longevity of Old People in Hotan
Xinjiang is one of the four big longevity areas in the world as
pub-lished by the International Medical Science Institute in 1985.
In Xinjiang, Hotan has a high concentrated area of longevity people.
Through the results of the 4th census taken in China, it became
clear that there are more than 140 old people in Hotan district.
This situation on longevity has led the world to attach great importance
In 1995 the Japanese West TV Station came especially to Hotan to
make a TV film about the longevity people. The Hotan district is
dry and has almost no rain and big sandstorms blown by the wind.
Why do Hotan people have longevity? It should be researched and
analyzed on the sociological, environmental, psychological and nutritious
aspect. Hotan is at the edge of the desert, but its environment
in the oasis is good. Even though there is little rain and snowfall
hut the massive snow storage melting from the Kunlun Mountains irrigates
the farmland. The irri gation channels all across the fields provide
sufficient water for the plants. The Hotan people have a good traditions
that they plant a lot of trees. Trees break the wind coming from
the desert and this is beneficial for the health of the people.
The water is the life of the oasis and therefore also the life of
the people all over our area. The drinking water for the Hotan people
is the melted snow water and the quality of the water is excellent.
Testing showed that in the drinking water there is magnesium, mangance,
iron, zinc and other trace elements which are healthy to you. Among
them mangance is an anti - age element which gives longevity. These
old people are basically living in the countryside. The one thing
they have in common is that they work hard every day. Moreover,
they have the habit of going barefeet. Medicine proves that there
are many acupoints on the sole of the foot. Daily massage is very
healthy. Going barefeet is actually a daily massage. All the longevity
people have another common good habit: They sleep early at night
and get up early in the morning. It is favorable for health when
old people live a regular life and be moderate in eating as well
as drinking. Every day for breakfast they eat mainly nang(a kind
of flat toast bread), herbal tea and rose -petal jam. Usually they
eat fresh vegetables, dried and fresh fruits along with grain, flour
and rice. They don¡¯ t smoke at all. Having a bright and cheerful
dis-position is also a common speciality among the longevity people.
They are usually happy, gentle, keeping a good relationship with
their neighbors, having close relationships among the family members
and also have a happy marriage history. Husband and wife respect
each other. This kind of open mind is beneficial ilar health.
Hotan is a traditional district for Uygur medicine and treatment.
Uygur medicine has done deep research on keeping good health. The
Uy gur traditional medicine has a regulating effect on the human
body. This is also one of the reasons why the Hotau people are so
healthy and have longevity. Tile longevity people are a walking
dictionary for the history and life of this area. They are also
the witness of history because time brings great changes to Hotan.
1. Hotan Hotel
It is a two -star hotel and serves mainly the fbreign guests. It
started business in 1988 and is located at the Bostan South Road
in Hotan city. it has 66 rooms, 138 beds, a big and a small banquet
hall, a bar, a singing and dancing hall, a barber shop anti a tourist
shop with special products. They guarantee high quality service
to the guest from home and abroad. They can also supply for the
guests performances with nationality singing and dancing. At the
same time they can hohl meetings for 300 people and provide fuod
for 400 people. It is the best place for tourist having a rest.
2. Hotan Guesthouse(Merhaba Guesthouse)
The Hotan Guesthouse is allowed to serve foreign guests, issued
by the Autonomous Regional Tourist Bureau. It is located in the
North Tanay Road in Hotan city. it has 210 beds and the rooms are
equipped with high and middle class standard. It has two restaurants,
one for Chinese and one for Muslims. They can supply special local
dishes to the guests. In 1995 the Hotan district has invested 100,
000 yuan for renovating the hotel. With the new appearance it warmly
welcomes guests from home and abroad.
VI Tourist Shopping
There are five tourist shopping places in Hotan district. They can
supply all kinds of jade articles, silk cloth and carpets and other
handicraft articles and tourist souvenirs for the guests from home
and abroad. VII Travel Service)
Hotan International Travel Service(CITS) was founded in 1992. It
is the International Travel Service ratified by the State Tourist
Bureau. It is located on the Tambagh Road No. 23 in Hotan city.
At present they can supply English, Japanese, Russian, Chinese and
Uygur language guide services. According to the demands of the guests
they can organize desert exploration trips, Silk Road tour explorations,
scientific desert investigations, visits to many historical sites
in the desert as well as cultural relics and folk customs research
tours. They will supply guides for the whole journey and also supply
the necessities for picnic and camping. Ticket ordering for planes
and buses for the guests will be done. They wel-come visitors and
see them off at the airport or bus station, make reservations at
According to the ¡°Travel Service Management Regulations¡± and related
stipulations of the State Tourist Bureau, they reorganized and changed
the name of the Hotan Travel Service in the beginning of 1998. Its
full name is now ¡°China Xinjiang Hotan International Travel Service¡±
. Under the CITS they set up the foreign liaison department, professional,
finance, plan and dispatch department and the tourist motorcade.
Hotan¡¯ s airport is quite big and located in the southern part of
Hotan city, 10 kms from the city center. All kinds of large civil
aircraft can land there. Every week on Monday, Wednesday, Friday
and Sunday an airplane is flying to Urumqi. During the peak season
a medium- sized airplane will leave every day directly to Urumqi.
From Urumqi customers can fly to every big city all over the country
and also all over the world. Daily there are also many kinds of
big sleeping - berth buses from Hotan to Urumqi.
Villi Special Touring Arrangements
(l) Desert Exploration
1. Silk Road along the South Route - 7 days tour
Hotan - Niya - Qarqan - Qarkilik - Mangai - Dun Huang
Program: Along the ancient trade caravan road we can visit the special
animals in the Ahun Tagh Natural Protected Area. The whole journey
is about 1,870kms long.
2. Silk Road - 5 days tour
Hotan - Niya - Qarqan - Qarkilik - Lop Nur - Korla
Program: We can enjoy the amorous feelings in the desert along the
Silk Road and also visit some families living in the desert, see
oasises and new cities growing in the desert. The whole journey
is about 1,540 kms long.
( H)Scientific Investigations
1. Across the Taklimakan Desert - 5 - 6 days tour Hotan -Koshlash
(place where Yorungkash and Karakash rivers join) -
Maza Tagh(red and white mountain) -Alar- Aksu
Program: investigate valleys along the Hotan river with artificial,
natural and historical landscapes and its geographical conditions
, etc. The whole journey is about 640 kms long. This tour runs all
year except in July, August and September.
2. Niya Ancient City ruins(Jingjue Guo ancient sites)
Hotan - Lop - Qira - Keriya - Niya
The whole journey is about 480 kms long. We will camp and have picnic
along the way. This investigation program tour must beforehand be
admitted to the high level authorities for examination and approval.
3. Keriya Local Customs Survey - 4 days tour
Hotan - Keriya - Dariya boyi(Da He Yah)
Program: We will enjoy the Uygur people¡¯ s culture and research
the customs handed down from past generations to the Keriya people.
We can also see the rugged and beautiful natural scenery of the
Keriya river. The whole journey is about 420 kms.
X Tourist Amusement
The¡±New Jade Art Troupe¡± who is famous at home and abroad will be
available for service of high quality and great nationality songs
and dances. They also serve with special local folk songs and dancing
¡°Mashrap¡±and songs played with dutar and other national instruments,
Xl Tourist Supervision System
This supervision organization who guarantees service quality to
tourists has been established in July 1995.
Their address is : Hotan Tourist Administration Office
Tambagh Road 23,
Hotan 848000, Xinjiang
P. R. of China